Sunday, April 22, 2012

The Role and point of Eia

Environmental security and reserved supply supervision has conventionally been given importance all over the world which has increased in up-to-date time. The ancient practices taught citizen to live in perfect harmony with nature. However, industrialization, urbanization and changing life styles over the years have affected environment drastically in causing pollution and environment degradation.

What is Eia

Health Care Reforms

The pollution in air, water and land has lead to ecological imbalance and potential health hazards. As a result, regulations in the form of laws and policies on environmental security were introduced. The Environmental Impact appraisal (Eia) is one such effort.

The Role and point of Eia

Environmental Impact appraisal (Eia) is the valid appraisal process to identify, predict, value and interpret the ecological, social, and connected biophysical effects of a proposed policy, program or project on the environment. It provides understanding on alternatives and measures to be adopted before any commitment, thus helps in leading decision-making. The uncut objective of the Eia is to establish developmental projects and activities taking into observation the environmental perspective.

Functions of Eia

The Eia provides the following benefits:

an opportunity for social participation, increased security of human health, the sustainable use of natural resources, reduced project costs and delays, minimized risks of environmental disasters, and increased government responsibility.

Eia particularly aims to optimize a trade-off between developmental activities and socio-ecological losses. It is a supervision tool connected intimately to the project providing approved environmental facts within the stipulated time.


Many countries now have mandatory legislation or policies for environmental impact assessments. In India Environmental Impact appraisal (Eia) was formally introduced in 1994. Both central and state authorities together share the responsibility of its amelioration and management. An post project appraisal analysis article drawn on Strength, Weakness, opportunity and Threat (Swot) highlights some constraints, such as improper screening and scope, ineffective monitoring and provides significant guidelines. The legislation provides realization of opportunity for increasing social awareness, initiatives of environmental groups and firm society and to incorporate environmental observation into plans and policies. Some of the unforeseen threats to the theory are poor governance, rapid economic reforms and favors to small-scale units.

Eia process involves three basic steps:

(a) making ready of the report: It involves screening, scoping and documentation.


Screening determines either Eia is required or not, any project in ecologically brittle areas and falling under coastal zone regulation, requires an Eia.


Scoping identifies the concerns and issues to be addressed for a singular project. It involves the following steps:

Baseline analysis: A comparison of project-induced environmental changes with the imaginable environmental changes without proposed project is assessed through baseline analysis. Impact prediction: The prediction analysis forecasts the nature and importance of the imaginable impacts. Impact mitigation measures: Environmental supervision Plan (Emp), risk appraisal article and disaster supervision plan (if hazardous substances are complicated in the project), resumption plan (if displacement of citizen is anticipated) are prepared to advise restorative measures.


(a) A uncut article is prepared which summarizes the article of the project, regional settings, baseline conditions, impact prediction and leading findings of the study.

(b) tell and decision-making-The Impact appraisal (Ia) branch reviews the application accompanied by the documents of Eia and Emp report, No objection certificate (Noc), risk appraisal and emergency preparedness plan, resumption plan, details of social hearing, clearance from airport authority and state forest departments, etc. The Ia is free to show the way site visits if considers necessary. Based on the Eia tell and other information, the Ia either grants or rejects the environment clearance to the project.

(c) Post project Monitoring (Ppm) -The Ppm ensures the implementation in accordance with the measures specified while providing the environmental clearance (Ec). Thus, it performs a dual task of identifying the actual environmental impacts of the project and implementation of the desired mitigation measures of the Emp.


To address the significant issues political commitment and social participation is indispensable. Improved effectiveness will also depend on drive of government branch coordination, integrated decision-making, enough training to various stakeholders and supporting infrastructure for purposeful monitoring and enforcement. The methods of conducting environmental impact assessments are ordinarily revised for progressive refinement that not only help take off existing constraints but also take care of future challenges.

The Role and point of Eia

No comments:

Post a Comment